Bretagnon, P., and Simon, J. L., Planetary Programs and Tables from ­4000 to +2800, Willmann-Bell, Richmond, Virginia, 1986

Dunham, J. B, Dunham, D. W. and Warren, W. H., IOTA Observer's Manual, (draft copy), 1992

Espenak, F., Fifty Year Canon of Solar Eclipses: 1986­2035, NASA RP-1178, Greenbelt, MD, 1987

Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Ephemeris and the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac, Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office, London, 1974

Herald, D., "Correcting Predictions of Solar Eclipse Contact Times for the Effects of Lunar Limb Irregularities," J. Brit. Ast. Assoc., 1983, 93, 6

Littmann, M., Willcox, K. and Espenak, F. Totality, Eclipses of the Sun, Oxford University Press, New York, 1999

Meeus, J., Astronomical Formulae for Calculators, Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1982

Meeus, J., Grosjean, C., and Vanderleen, W., Canon of Solar Eclipses, Pergamon Press, New York, 1966

Morrison, L. V., "Analysis of lunar occultations in the years 1943­1974Š," Astr. J., 1979, 75, 744

Morrison, L. V., and Appleby, G. M., "Analysis of lunar occultations - III. Systematic corrections to Watts' limb-profiles for the Moon," MNRAS, 1981, 196, 1013

Pasachoff, J. M. and Nelson, B. O., "Timing of the 1984 Total Solar Eclipse and the Size of the Sun," Solar Phys., 1987, 108, 191

Stephenson, F. R., Historical Eclipses and Earth's Rotation, Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997 (p.406)

The New International Atlas, Rand McNally, Chicago/New York/San Francisco, 1991

van den Bergh, G., Periodicity and Variation of Solar (and Lunar) Eclipses, Tjeenk Willink, Haarlem, Netherlands, 1955

Watts, C. B., "The Marginal Zone of the Moon," Astron. Papers Amer. Ephem., 1963, 17, 1-951


Climates of the World, U. S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington DC, 1972

Griffiths, J.F., ed.,World Survey of Climatology, vol 10, Climates of Africa, Elsevier Pub. Co., New York, 1972

Karoly, David J. and Dayton G. Vincent, (eds.), Meteorology of the Southern Hemisphere. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, 1998

International Station Meteorological Climate Summary; Vol 4.0 (CDROM), National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, 1996

Warren, Stephen G., Carole J. Hahn, Julius London, Robert M. Chervin and Roy L. Jenne, Global Distribution of Total Cloud Cover and Cloud Type Amounts Over Land, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO., 1986

World WeatherDisc (CDROM), WeatherDisc Associates Inc., Seattle, WA, 1990

Eye Safety

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, "Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices," ACGIH, Cincinnati, 1996, p.100

Chou, B. R., "Safe Solar Filters," Sky &&; Telescope, August 1981, 62:2, 119

Chou, B. R., "Solar Filter Safety," Sky &&; Telescope, February 1998, 95:2, 119

Chou, B. R., "Eye safety during solar eclipses - myths and realities," in Z. Mouradian & M. Stavinschi (eds.) Theoretical and Observational Problems Related to Solar Eclipses, Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1996, pp. 243-247

Chou, B. R. and Krailo M. D., "Eye injuries in Canada following the total solar eclipse of 26 February 1979," Can. J. Optometry, 1981, 43(1):40

Del Priore, L. V., "Eye damage from a solar eclipse" in Littmann, M., Willcox, K. and Espenak, F. Totality, Eclipses of the Sun, Oxford University Press, New York, 1999, pp. 140-141

Marsh, J. C. D., "Observing the Sun in Safety," J. Brit. Ast. Assoc., 1982, 92, 6

Pasachoff, J. M., "Public Education and Solar Eclipses," in L. Gouguenheim, D. McNally, and J. R. Percy, eds., New Trends in Astronomy Teaching, IAU Colloquium 162 (London), published 1998, Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, pp. 202-204

Pasachoff, J. M. "Public Education in Developing Countries on the Occasions of Eclipses," in Astronomy for Developing Countries, IAU special session at the 24th General Assembly, Alan H. Batten, ed., 2001, pp. 101-106

Penner, R. and McNair, J. N., "Eclipse blindness - Report of an epidemic in the military population of Hawaii," Am. J. Ophthalmology, 1966, 61:1452

Pitts D. G., "Ocular effects of radiant energy," in D. G. Pitts & R. N. Kleinstein (eds.) Environmental Vision: Interactions of the Eye, Vision and the Environment, Butterworth-Heinemann, Toronto, 1993, p. 151

Further Reading

Allen, D., and Allen, C., Eclipse, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1987

Astrophotography Basics, Kodak Customer Service Pamphlet P150, Eastman Kodak, Rochester, 1988

Brewer, B., Eclipse, Earth View, Seattle, 1991

Brunier, S., Glorious Eclipses, Cambridge, Nuiv Press, NY, 2001

Covington, M., Astrophotography for the Amateur, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1988

Espenak, F., "Total Eclipse of the Sun," Petersen's PhotoGraphic, June 1991, p. 32

Golub, L., and Pasachoff, J. M., The Solar Corona, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997

Golub, L., and Pasachoff, J., Nearest Star: The Exciting Science of Our Sun, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 2001

Harrington, P. S., Eclipse!, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997

Harris, J., and Talcott, R., Chasing the Shadow, Kalmbach Pub., Waukesha, 1994

Irwin, A., Africa & Madagascar - Total Eclipse 2001 & 2002, Pradt, Bucks (UK), 2000

Littmann, M., Willcox, K. and Espenak, F. Totality, Eclipses of the Sun, Oxford University Press, New York, 1999

Mucke, H., and Meeus, J., Canon of Solar Eclipses: ­2003 to +2526, Astronomisches Büro, Vienna, 1983

North, G., Advanced Amateur Astronomy, Edinburgh University Press, 1991

Oppolzer, T. R. von, Canon of Eclipses, Dover Publications, New York, 1962

Ottewell, G., The Under-Standing of Eclipses, Astronomical Workshop, Greenville, SC, 1991

Pasachoff, J. M., and Covington, M., Cambridge Guide to Eclipse Photography, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, 1993

. Pasachoff, J. M., "Solar Eclipses and Public Education," International Astronomical Union Colloquium #162: New Trends in Teaching Astronomy, D. McNally, ed., London 1997, in press

Pasachoff, J. M., Field Guide to the Stars and Planets, 4rd edition, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 2000

Reynolds, M. D. and Sweetsir, R. A., Observe Eclipses, Astronomical League, Washington, DC, 1995

Sherrod, P. C., A Complete Manual of Amateur Astronomy, Prentice-Hall, 1981

Steel, D., Eclipse, Joseph Henery Press, Washington DC, 2001

Zirker, J. B., Total Eclipses of the Sun, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1995

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